The Gist of NCERT Geography

The Gist of NCERT – Geography Free PDF Download

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NCERT books are the best books considered for all sort of exams. But it is not possible to go through all of them when exams are almost there and almost no time is left for detailed study. Here comes the use of Gist of NCERT books of various subjects which are composed as such so that the student can go through the important facts of various books of ncert in short time.

Here in this article we are going to share The Gist of NCERT Geography PDF with you all so that you all can study it and make the best use of time. Below is the contents mentioned in this book.

  1. INDIA – LOCATION

Structure and Physiography

The Peninsular Block

The Himalayas and other Peninsular Mountains

Indo-Ganga-Brahmaputra Plain

Physiography

North and North Eastern Himalaya:

The Himalayan Mountains

Karewas

Longitudinal division

Kashmir or Northwestern Himalayas

The Himachal and Uttaranchal Himalays

The Darjeeling and Sikkim Himalayas

The Arunachal Himalayas

The Eastern Hills and Mountains

The Northern Plains

The Peninsular Plateau

The Deccan Plateau

The Central Highlands

The Northeastern Plateau

The Indian Desert

The Coastal Plains

The Islands

  1. DDRAINAGE SYSTEM

Drainage systems of India

Important Drainage Patterns

The Himalayan Drainage

Evolution of the Himalayan Drainage

The river Systems of the Himalayan Drainage

The Indus system

The Ganga System

The Brahmaputra System

The peninsular drainage system

The Evolution of Peninsular Drainage System

River systems of the peninsular drainage

Smallar Rivers flowing towards the West

  1. CLIMATE

Factors determining the climate of India

Mechanism of Weather in the Winter Season

Inter Tropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ)

Mechanism of Weather in the Summer Season

The Nature of Indian Monsoon

Onset of the Monsoon

Rain-bearing Systems and Rainfall Distribution

EI-Nino and the Indian Monsoon

Break in the Monsoon

The Rhythm of Seasons

Some Famous Local Storms of Hot Weather Season

The Cold Weather Season

Role of Westerly Jet Stream

The Hot Weather Season

The Southwest Monsoon Season

Monsoon Winds of the Arabian Sea

Monsoon Winds of the Bay of Bengal

Characteristics of Monsoonal Rainfall

Season of Retreating Monsoon

Distribution of Rainfall

Types of Forests

Tropical Evergreen and Semi Evergreen Forests

  1. NATURAL VEGETATION

Tropical Deciduous Forests

Tropical Thorn Forests

Montane Forests

Littoral and Swamp Forests

Forest cover in India

Forest Conservation

Social Forestry

Farm Forestry

Wildlife

Wildlife Conservation in India

Biosphere Reserves

Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve

Nanda Devi Biosphere Reserve

Sunderbans Biosphere Reserve

Gulf of Mannar Biosphere Reserve

  1. SOILS

Classification of Soils

Alluvial Soils

Black Soil

Red and Yellow Soil

Laterite Soil

Arid Soils

Saline Soils

Peaty Soils

Forest Soils

Soil Degradation

Soil Erosion

Soil Conservation

Water Resources

Water Resources of India

Surface Water Resources

Groundwater Resources

Demand of Water for Irrigation

Prevention of Water Pollution

Watershed Management

Rainwater Harvesting

Highlights of India’s National Water Policy, 2002

  1. LAND USE AND AGRICULTURE

Land-use Changes in India

Agricultural Land Use in India

Primitive Subsistence Farming

Intensive Substance Farming

Commercial Farming

Types of Farming

Cropping Pattern

Growth of Agricultural Output and Technology

  1. MINERAL AND ENERGY RESOURCES

Mode of Occurrence of Minerals

Agencies Involved in the exploration of minerals

Distribution of Minerals in India

Major Industries

The Iron and Steel Industry

Integrated Steel Plants

Visvesvaraiya Iron and Steel Works Ltd. (VISL)

Rourkela Steel Plant

Bhilai Steel Plant

The Cotton Textile Industry

  1. SUGAR INDUSTRY

Location of the Sugar Industry

Petrochemical Industries

Knowledge based Industries

Liberalization, Privatization, Globalization (LPG) and Industrial Development in India

Industrial Region and Districts

Industrial Regions in India

Mumbai-Pune Industrial Region

Hugli Industrial Region

Bangalore-Chennai Industrial Region

Gujarat Industrial Region

Chotanagpur Region

Vishakhapatnam-Guntur Region

Gurgaon-Delhi-Merrut Region

Kollam-Tiruvanantapuram Region

  1. TRANSPORT AND COMMUNICATION

Land Transport

Indian Road Network (2005)

Rural Roads

Other Roads

National Highways Development Projects

Rail Transport

Water Transport

Inland Waterways

Oceanic Routes

Air Transportation

History of Indian Airlines

Mass Communication System

International Trade

Direction of Trade

Ports

Tourism as a Trade

  1. OUR SOLAR SYSTEM

The Moon

Development of Lithosphere

Minerals & Rocks

Metallic Minerals

Non-Metallic Minerals

Rocks

Igneous Rocks

Sedimentary Rocks

Metamorphic Rocks

Interior of the Earth

Direct Sources

Indirect Sources

Earthquake

Why does the earth shake?

Earthquake Waves

Propagation of Earthquake Waves

Emergence of Shadow Zone

Measuring Earthquakes

Structure of the Earth

  1. LAND FORMS

Running Water

Youth

Mature

Old

Erosional landforms

Vallyes

Potholes and Pluge Pools

Incised or Entrenched Meanders

River Terraces

Depositional Landforms

Alluvial Fans

Deltas

Floodplains, Natural Levees and Point Bars

Meanders

Groundwater

Erosional Landforms

Pools, Sinkholes, Lapies and Limestone Pavements

Glaciers

Erosional Landforms

Horns and Serrated Ridges

Glacial Valleys/Troughs

Depositional Landforms

Eskers

Outwash Plains

Drumlins

Waves and Currents

High Rocky Coasts

Low sedimentary coasts

Erosional Landforms

Depositional landforms

Erosional Landforms

  1. COMPOSITION AND STRUCTURE OF ATMOSPHERE

Composition and Structure of Atmosphere

Composition of the Atmosphere

Structure of the Atmosphere

Evaporation and Condensation

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